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Influence of extractive solvents on lipid and fatty acids content of edible freshwater algal and seaweed products, the green microalga Chlorella kessleri and the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis

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dc.title Influence of extractive solvents on lipid and fatty acids content of edible freshwater algal and seaweed products, the green microalga Chlorella kessleri and the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis en
dc.contributor.author Ambrožová Vávra, Jarmila
dc.contributor.author Mišurcová, Ladislava
dc.contributor.author Vícha, Robert
dc.contributor.author Machů, Ludmila
dc.contributor.author Samek, Dušan
dc.contributor.author Baroň, Mojmír
dc.contributor.author Mlček, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Sochor, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Juríková, Tünde
dc.relation.ispartof Molecules
dc.identifier.issn 1420-3049 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2014
utb.relation.volume 19
utb.relation.issue 2
dc.citation.spage 2344
dc.citation.epage 2360
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/molecules19022344
dc.relation.uri http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/19/2/2344
dc.subject Algae en
dc.subject Fatty acid en
dc.subject Lipid en
dc.subject Seaweed en
dc.description.abstract Total lipid contents of green (Chlorella pyrenoidosa, C), red (Porphyra tenera, N; Palmaria palmata, D), and brown (Laminaria japonica, K; Eisenia bicyclis, A; Undaria pinnatifida, W, WI; Hizikia fusiformis, H) commercial edible algal and cyanobacterial (Spirulina platensis, S) products, and autotrophically cultivated samples of the green microalga Chlorella kessleri (CK) and the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis (SP) were determined using a solvent mixture of methanol/chloroform/water (1:2:1, v/v/v, solvent I) and n-hexane (solvent II). Total lipid contents ranged from 0.64% (II) to 18.02% (I) by dry weight and the highest total lipid content was observed in the autotrophically cultivated cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Solvent mixture I was found to be more effective than solvent II. Fatty acids were determined by gas chromatography of their methyl esters (% of total FAMEs). Generally, the predominant fatty acids (all results for extractions with solvent mixture I) were saturated palmitic acid (C16:0; 24.64%-65.49%), monounsaturated oleic acid (C18:1(n-9); 2.79%-26.45%), polyunsaturated linoleic acid (C18:2(n-6); 0.71%-36.38%), α-linolenic acid (C18:3(n-3); 0.00%-21.29%), γ-linolenic acid (C18:3(n-6); 1.94%-17.36%), and arachidonic acid (C20:4(n-6); 0.00%-15.37%). The highest content of ω-3 fatty acids (21.29%) was determined in Chlorella pyrenoidosa using solvent I, while conversely, the highest content of ω-6 fatty acids (41.42%) was observed in Chlorella kessleri using the same solvent. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Technology
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1003695
utb.identifier.obdid 43871762
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-84894628589
utb.identifier.wok 000334418200061
utb.identifier.coden MOLEF
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-13T16:50:51Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-13T16:50:51Z
dc.description.sponsorship Postdocs in Biological Sciences at MENDELU [CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0017]; TBU in Zlin [IGA/FT/2014/011]
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.rights.access openAccess
utb.contributor.internalauthor Ambrožová Vávra, Jarmila
utb.contributor.internalauthor Mišurcová, Ladislava
utb.contributor.internalauthor Vícha, Robert
utb.contributor.internalauthor Machů, Ludmila
utb.contributor.internalauthor Samek, Dušan
utb.contributor.internalauthor Mlček, Jiří
utb.fulltext.affiliation Jarmila Vavra Ambrozova 1, Ladislava Misurcova 1,*, Robert Vicha 2, Ludmila Machu 1, Dusan Samek 1, Mojmir Baron 3, Jiri Mlcek 1, Jiri Sochor 3 and Tunde Jurikova 4 1 Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, Zlin CZ-760 01, Czech Republic; E-Mails: ambrozova@ft.utb.cz (J.V.A.); lmachu@ft.utb.cz (L.M.); dsamek@ft.utb.cz (D.S.); mlcek@ft.utb.cz (J.M.) 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, Zlin CZ-760 01, Czech Republic; E-Mail: rvicha@ft.utb.cz 3 Department of Viticulture and Enology, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Valticka 337, Lednice CZ-691 44, Czech Republic; E-Mails: MojmirBaron@seznam.cz (M.B.); sochor.jirik@seznam.cz (J.S.) 4 Department of Natural and Informatics Sciences, Faculty of Central European Studies, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Drazovska 4, Nitra SK-949 74, Slovak Republic; E-Mail: tjurikova@ukf.sk * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: misurcova@ft.utb.cz; Tel.: +420-576-031-592, Fax: +420-577-210-172.
utb.fulltext.dates Received: 6 December 2013; in revised form: 5 February 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
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utb.fulltext.sponsorship Jiri Sochor would like to express his thanks for CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0017 Postdocs in Biological Sciences at MENDELU support. This research was also supported by the internal grant of TBU in Zlin No. IGA/FT/2014/011. We gratefully acknowledge Jiri Masojidek and Magda Sergejevova from the Laboratory of Algal Biotechnology, Algatech Center, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science (Trebon, Czech Republic) for providing the samples of freshwater microalga and cyanobacterium.
utb.fulltext.projects CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0017
utb.fulltext.projects IGA/FT/2014/011
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