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Foliar application of ZnO-NPs influences chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidants pool in capsicum annum l. under salinity

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dc.title Foliar application of ZnO-NPs influences chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidants pool in capsicum annum l. under salinity en
dc.contributor.author Rasouli, Farzad
dc.contributor.author Asadi, Mohammad
dc.contributor.author Hassanpouraghdam, Mohammad Bagher
dc.contributor.author Aazami, Mohammad Ali
dc.contributor.author Ebrahimzadeh, Asghar
dc.contributor.author Kakaei, Karim
dc.contributor.author Dokoupil, Libor
dc.contributor.author Mlček, Jiří
dc.relation.ispartof Horticulturae
dc.identifier.issn 2311-7524 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2022
utb.relation.volume 8
utb.relation.issue 10
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/horticulturae8100908
dc.relation.uri https://www.mdpi.com/2311-7524/8/10/908
dc.relation.uri https://www.mdpi.com/2311-7524/8/10/908/pdf?version=1666595618
dc.subject pepper en
dc.subject nanoparticles en
dc.subject photosystem II en
dc.subject glutathione en
dc.subject ascorbate en
dc.description.abstract Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) have been proven to helpfully improve plant tolerance to several abiotic stresses. However, no information has been reported concerning the role of ZnO-NPs on pepper plants under salinity stress. Hence, this research aimed to evaluate the growth and physiological responses of pepper (Capsicum annum L.) plants to ZnO-NP foliar application under salinity. Plants were subjected to 0 (control), 25 (S1), 50 (S2), and 75 mM (S3) NaCl salinity with a foliar spray of 0, 1000, and 2000 ppm ZnO-NPs. Significant reductions were recorded in the chlorophyll index (SPAD) and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, and in the activity and/or ratios of reduced ascorbate (AsA), reduced ascorbate/dehydroascorbic acid (AsA/DHA), reduced glutathione (GSH), reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG), and K+ content. There was a significant increase in proline content, electrolyte leakage (EL), H2O2 content, guaiacol peroxidase (GPX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR), dehydroascorbic acid (DHA), and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) activities, and in Na+ content and Na+/K+ ratio. Foliar treatments improved the salinity tolerance of the pepper plants by fortifying the antioxidant defense system, leaf fluorescence parameters, K+, and proline content, and in contrast, by decreasing the EL, Na+, and H2O2 levels. ZnO-NP foliar treatment efficiently improved the pepper plants' physiological responses under salinity. Considering the overall results, 1000 ppm of ZnO-NPs would be advisable for the amelioration of salinity depression and to promote growth potential. However, at higher levels, the nanoparticle showed toxicity symptoms that limited its reliable applications. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Technology
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1011209
utb.identifier.obdid 43883980
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85140578151
utb.identifier.wok 000875195400001
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2022-11-29T07:49:19Z
dc.date.available 2022-11-29T07:49:19Z
dc.description.sponsorship University of Maragheh; Mendelova Univerzita v Brně, MENDELU
dc.description.sponsorship University of Maragheh, Iran; Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.rights.access openAccess
utb.ou Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry
utb.contributor.internalauthor Mlček, Jiří
utb.fulltext.affiliation Farzad Rasouli 1,* , Mohammad Asadi 2, Mohammad Bagher Hassanpouraghdam 1, Mohammad Ali Aazami 1, Asghar Ebrahimzadeh 1, Karim Kakaei 3, Libor Dokoupil 4,* and Jiri Mlcek 5 1 Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh 55187-79842, Iran 2 Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh 55187-79842, Iran 3 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maragheh, Maragheh 55187-79842, Iran 4 Department of Breeding and Propagation of Horticultural Plants, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Valtická 337, 69144 Lednice, Czech Republic 5 Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Vavreckova 5669, 76001 Zlín, Czech Republic * Correspondence: farzad.rasouli@maragheh.ac.ir (F.R.); libor.dokoupil@mendelu.cz (L.D.)
utb.fulltext.dates Received: 4 September 2022 Revised: 27 September 2022 Accepted: 30 September 2022 Published: 5 October 2022
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utb.fulltext.sponsorship This study was funded by the University of Maragheh, Iran, and Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic.
utb.wos.affiliation [Rasouli, Farzad; Hassanpouraghdam, Mohammad Bagher; Aazami, Mohammad Ali; Ebrahimzadeh, Asghar] Univ Maragheh, Fac Agr, Dept Hort, Maragheh 5518779842, Iran; [Asadi, Mohammad] Univ Maragheh, Fac Agr, Dept Plant Prod & Genet, Maragheh 5518779842, Iran; [Kakaei, Karim] Univ Maragheh, Fac Sci, Dept Chem, Maragheh 5518779842, Iran; [Dokoupil, Libor] Mendel Univ Brno, Fac Hort, Dept Breeding & Propagat Hort Plants, Valticka 337, Lednice 69144, Czech Republic; [Mlcek, Jiri] Tomas Bata Univ Zlin, Fac Technol, Dept Food Anal & Chem, Vavreckova 5669, Zlin 76001, Czech Republic
utb.scopus.affiliation Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, 55187-79842, Iran; Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, 55187-79842, Iran; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, 55187-79842, Iran; Department of Breeding and Propagation of Horticultural Plants, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Valtická 337, Lednice, 69144, Czech Republic; Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Vavreckova 5669, Zlín, 76001, Czech Republic
utb.fulltext.projects -
utb.fulltext.faculty Faculty of Technology
utb.fulltext.ou Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry
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