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Does alcohol consumption affect life expectancy in OECD countries?

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dc.title Does alcohol consumption affect life expectancy in OECD countries? en
dc.contributor.author Gavurová, Beáta
dc.contributor.author Ivanková, Viera
dc.contributor.author Rigelský, Martin
dc.relation.ispartof Adiktologie
dc.identifier.issn 1213-3841 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2020
utb.relation.volume 20
utb.relation.issue 3-4
dc.citation.spage 115
dc.citation.epage 123
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Sdruzeni SCAN
dc.identifier.doi 10.35198/01-2020-002-0001
dc.relation.uri https://adiktologie-journal.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/04gavurova.pdf
dc.subject alcohol risks en
dc.subject beer en
dc.subject life expectancy en
dc.subject OECD en
dc.subject spirits en
dc.subject wine en
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The consumption of different types of alcoholic beverages leads to different health risks. Therefore, different effects on the health of the population can be expected. AIM: The main objective of the study was to assess the relations between the consumption of selected types of alcoholic beverages and the life expectancy of the population in OECD countries. METHODS: Non-parametric analysis of relationships (Spearman ρ) and simple linear quartile regression analysis were used to meet the objective. SAMPLE: The research covered 36 countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). In the analytical procedures, four main types of alcoholic beverage were used: (i) beer, (ii) wine, (iii), spirits, (iv) other. The consumption of individual types of alcohol in each country was expressed in litres of pure alcohol per person (aged 15+ years) per year. The analysis also included a health variable determining life expectancy at birth. All data was collected for the period from 2010 to 2017. RESULTS: In terms of the consumption of common types of alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, spirits), a significant effect on life expectancy was found. Beer and spirits showed a negative effect, i.e. with increased consumption of beer and spirits, a decrease in life expectancy can be expected. On the other hand, wine consumption had a positive effect on life expectancy. A significant positive relationship was identified between the consumption of beer and of spirits, i.e. with an increase in the consumption of beer, an increase in the consumption of spirits can be expected. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention and education should focus in particular on the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, as higher consumption of beer and spirits was found in some of these countries. Lower alcohol consumption in these countries could have a positive effect on life expectancy. © 2020, Sdruzeni SCAN. All rights reserved. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Management and Economics
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1010271
utb.identifier.obdid 43882231
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85102692534
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-07T07:50:43Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-07T07:50:43Z
utb.ou Centre for Applied Economic Research
utb.contributor.internalauthor Gavurová, Beáta
utb.fulltext.sponsorship This research was supported by the Internal Grant Agency of the Faculty of Management and Economics of Tomas Bata University in Zlín:RVO/2020: “Economic quantification of marketing processes that focus on the increase in value for a patient in the process of the creation of a system to measure and control efficiency in health facilities in the Czech Republic”.
utb.scopus.affiliation Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Faculty of Management and Economics, Centre for Applied Economic Research, Zlín, Czech Republic; University of Prešov, Faculty of Management, Department of Economics and Economy, Prešov, Slovakia; University of Prešov, Faculty of Management, Department of Marketing and International Trade, Prešov, Slovakia
utb.fulltext.projects RO/2020/05
utb.identifier.jel -
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