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Relationships between perceived stress, depression and alcohol use disorders in university students during the covid-19 pandemic: A socio-economic dimension

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dc.title Relationships between perceived stress, depression and alcohol use disorders in university students during the covid-19 pandemic: A socio-economic dimension en
dc.contributor.author Gavurová, Beáta
dc.contributor.author Ivanková, Viera
dc.contributor.author Rigelský, Martin
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2020
utb.relation.volume 17
utb.relation.issue 23
dc.citation.spage 1
dc.citation.epage 25
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/ijerph17238853
dc.relation.uri https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/23/8853
dc.subject alcohol dependence en
dc.subject depression en
dc.subject stress en
dc.subject behavioural disorders en
dc.subject mental health en
dc.subject gender and income differences en
dc.subject socio-economic effects en
dc.subject isolation en
dc.subject COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic en
dc.subject Slovak students en
dc.description.abstract The objective of the study was to examine the effects of perceived stress on depression and subsequently to examine the effects of depression on alcohol use disorders. The data were obtained by an electronic questionnaire survey during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic (n = 1523 Slovak university students). Descriptive, regression, and correlation analysis were used in the analytical processing, while the analyses included students’ scores in three diagnostic tools (Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Patient Health Questionnaire for depression (PHQ 9), and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)), as well as gender and income characteristics. The PSS identified an increased level of perceived stress in female students, while in contrast, the AUDIT showed an increased level of alcohol use disorders in male students. Differences in mental and behavioural disorders between the gender and income categories were significant in most of the analysed cases. In terms of gender-income characteristics, it was possible to confirm a significant positive effect of the PSS score on the PHQ 9 score, as well as a significant positive effect of the PHQ 9 score on the AUDIT score. As a result, efforts to reduce stress will be reflected in a reduction of depressive disorders as well as a reduction of excessive alcohol consumption among students. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Management and Economics
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1010057
utb.identifier.obdid 43881532
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85096724180
utb.identifier.wok 000597570000001
utb.identifier.pubmed 33260778
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-09T01:52:47Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-09T01:52:47Z
dc.description.sponsorship Internal Grant Agency of FaME Tomas Bata University in Zlin
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.rights.access openAccess
utb.ou Center for Applied Economic Research
utb.contributor.internalauthor Gavurová, Beáta
utb.fulltext.affiliation Beata Gavurova 1*, Viera Ivankova 2, Martin Rigelsky 2 1 Center for Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, 5139, 760 00 Zlin, Czech Republic 2 Faculty of Management, University of Presov in Presov, 16, 080 01 Presov, Slovakia; viera.ivankova@smail.unipo.sk (V.I.); martin.rigelsky@smail.unipo.sk (M.R.) * Correspondence: gavurova@utb.cz
utb.fulltext.dates Received: 26 October 2020 Accepted: 26 November 2020 Published: 28 November 2020
utb.fulltext.sponsorship This research was supported by the Internal Grant Agency of FaME Tomas Bata University in Zlin: RVO/2020: “Economic quantification of marketing processes that focus on value increase for a patient in a process of system creation to measure and control efficiency in health facilities in the Czech Republic”.
utb.wos.affiliation [Gavurova, Beata] Tomas Bata Univ Zlin, Fac Management & Econ, Ctr Appl Econ Res, Zlin 76000, Czech Republic; [Ivankova, Viera; Rigelsky, Martin] Univ Presov Presov, Fac Management, Presov 08001 16, Slovakia
utb.scopus.affiliation Center for Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, 5139, Zlin, 760 00, Czech Republic; Faculty of Management, University of Presov in Presov, 16, Presov, 080 01, Slovakia
utb.fulltext.projects RVO/2020/05
utb.fulltext.faculty Faculty of Management and Economics
utb.fulltext.ou Center for Applied Economic Research
utb.identifier.jel -
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