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Efficiency measurement of national innovation systems of the european union countries: DEA model application

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dc.title Efficiency measurement of national innovation systems of the european union countries: DEA model application en
dc.contributor.author Juřičková, Eva
dc.contributor.author Pilík, Michal
dc.contributor.author Kwarteng, Michael Adu
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of International Studies
dc.identifier.issn 2071-8330 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2019
utb.relation.volume 12
utb.relation.issue 4
dc.citation.spage 286
dc.citation.epage 299
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Centre of Sociological Research
dc.identifier.doi 10.14254/2071-8330.2019/12-4/19
dc.relation.uri https://www.jois.eu/?571,en_efficiency-measurement-of-national-innovation-systems-of-the-european-union-countries-dea-model-application
dc.subject Data envelopment analysis en
dc.subject Innovation performance en
dc.subject National Innovation System en
dc.subject Technical efficiency en
dc.description.abstract This paper focuses on measuring technical efficiency of National Innovation System across a sample of the European Union (EU) countries using data envelopment analysis. We used an output-oriented constant returns to scale model to calculate the efficiency of the units represented by the European Union countries. This nonparametric method measures efficiency of input utilisation as compared to the achieved outputs during the consumption process. Following previous studies on this topic, we have used the number of researchers and the expenditures on research and development (R&D) as inputs and published scientific journal articles and applied patents as outputs of the model. Stemming from the available data, we have covered the period of 2005– 2016. This period covers the economic period before the financial crisis and economic recession in which it was necessary to use resources effectively for the maximisation of final production. The study also presents data representing the era of growth trend in European economy. The only efficient countries in our study as of 2016 were found to be Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, and Romania. The number of efficient units decreased from six countries measured in 2005 from among the eight calculated in the years of the economic crisis to four efficient decision-making units (DMUs) in 2015. Germany, the best performer in the European Union with respect to patent rankings, was classified as an inefficient unit with a 0.50 efficiency scale. The results indicate differences between the innovation performance investigated by various indices available in public databases and the DEA technical efficiency. The best performers can be considered as inefficient in the utilisation of resources entering the National Innovation System (NIS) for which technical efficiency is examined in the present study. © Foundation of International Studies, 2019. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Management and Economics
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1009534
utb.identifier.obdid 43880418
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85077616169
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-24T13:28:14Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-24T13:28:14Z
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 Unported
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.rights.access openAccess
utb.contributor.internalauthor Juřičková, Eva
utb.contributor.internalauthor Pilík, Michal
utb.contributor.internalauthor Kwarteng, Michael Adu
utb.scopus.affiliation Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Czech Republic
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Attribution 3.0 Unported Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 Unported