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Influence of long chain branching on fiber diameter distribution for polypropylene nonwovens produced by melt blown process

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dc.title Influence of long chain branching on fiber diameter distribution for polypropylene nonwovens produced by melt blown process en
dc.contributor.author Drábek, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Zatloukal, Martin
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Rheology
dc.identifier.issn 0148-6055 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2019
utb.relation.volume 63
utb.relation.issue 4
dc.citation.spage 519
dc.citation.epage 532
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Society of Rheology
dc.identifier.doi 10.1122/1.5048585
dc.relation.uri https://sor.scitation.org/doi/10.1122/1.5048585
dc.description.abstract In this work, linear isotactic polypropylene (L-PP) and long-chain branched polypropylene (LCB-PP) miscible blend, both having comparable weight average molecular weight, zero-shear viscosity, and polydispersity index, were used to produce nonwovens via melt blown technology in order to understand the role of long chain branching in the fiber diameter distribution. Basic morphological characteristics of produced nonwoven samples have been determined using digital image analysis of scanning electron microscope images considering different magnifications to capture nanofibers as well as microfibers. At the same air flow rate, polymer flow rate, and temperature, the average fiber diameters were the same, 1.6 μm, but the coefficient of variation, CV, was greater for the linear PP than for the blend. Material elasticity was assessed by reptation-mode relaxation time, λ, determined by fitting of deformation rate dependent shear viscosity by Cross and Carreau-Yasuda models as well as via fitting of frequency dependent loss and storage moduli master curve by a two-mode Maxwell model. It was found that λ is higher for LCB-PP in comparison with L-PP and the Cross model gives a meaningful relaxation time while the Carreau-Yasuda model does not despite giving a better numerical fit. Extensional rheology was assessed by the strain rate dependent uniaxial extensional viscosity (estimated from the entrance pressure drop using the Gibson method). The infinite shear to zero-shear shear viscosity ratio η ∞ /η 0 (obtained directly from the shear viscosity data measured in a very wide shear rate range) was shown to be proportional to the maximum normalized extensional viscosity at very high extensional strain rates, ηE, ∞ /(3η 0 ). η ∞ /η 0 was related to temperature and basic molecular characteristics of given polymers via simple equation. It was observed that extensional viscosity for both samples first decreases with increased extensional strain rate to its minimum value at 200 000-400 000 1/s and then increases to plateau value, ηE, ∞ (corresponding to the maximum chain stretch) at about 2 10 6 1/s. At low deformation rates, extensional viscosity is higher for LCB-PP in comparison with L-PP, but the trend is switched at very high deformation rates; ηE, ∞ (and also ηE, ∞ /3η 0 ) becomes lower for LCB-PP in comparison with L-PP. These results suggest that high stability of LCB-PP blend can be explained by its higher stretchability at very high deformation rates (occurring at the die exit where an intensive fiber attenuation takes the place) and its lower stretchability at medium and low deformation rates, at which melt/air inertia driven bending instability called whipping occurs. © 2019 The Society of Rheology. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Technology
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1008669
utb.identifier.obdid 43880467
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85065595183
utb.identifier.wok 000492051800002
utb.identifier.coden JORHD
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-08T12:00:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-08T12:00:01Z
dc.description.sponsorship Grant Agency of the Czech RepublicGrant Agency of the Czech Republic [16-05886S]
utb.contributor.internalauthor Drábek, Jiří
utb.contributor.internalauthor Zatloukal, Martin
utb.wos.affiliation [Drabek, Jiri; Zatloukal, Martin] Tomas Bata Univ Zlin, Fac Technol, Polymer Ctr, Vavreckova 275, Zlin 76001, Czech Republic
utb.scopus.affiliation Polymer Centre, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Vavreckova 275, Zlín, 760 01, Czech Republic
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