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Impact of cluster policies on structure and management of cluster organisations in Czechia and Slovakia

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dc.title Impact of cluster policies on structure and management of cluster organisations in Czechia and Slovakia en
dc.contributor.author Pavelková, Drahomíra
dc.contributor.author Sopoligová, Martina
dc.contributor.author Bednář, Pavel
dc.relation.ispartof Administratie si Management Public
dc.identifier.issn 1583-9583 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2017
utb.relation.volume 2017
utb.relation.issue 29
dc.citation.spage 6
dc.citation.epage 26
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Academy of Economic Studies from Bucharest
dc.relation.uri http://www.ramp.ase.ro/en/_data/files/articole/2017/29-01.pdf
dc.subject Cluster organisation en
dc.subject Cluster policy en
dc.subject Cluster support en
dc.subject Czechia en
dc.subject Management quality en
dc.subject Slovakia en
dc.subject Structural characteristics en
dc.description.abstract Evaluation of an impact of cluster policies on cluster organisation performance is a research challenge. The establishment and development of cluster organisations (hereafter "COs") are the result of many factors which work together over time. Second, some COs are results of national or regional government initiatives, while others emerge spontaneously without public support. This paper presents a development of cluster policies and current stage of COs in Czechia and in Slovakia in terms of different approaches to cluster policy. The lack of convincing arguments for positive impact of public support on COs development in previous research and published studies was a reason for selection of these countries as they shared the same history as former members of Czechoslovakia (dissolution in 1993) and a lot of political, socio-economic and cultural similarities. In spite of their common historical development, the distinct differences in the way of establishing and developing cluster concept can be identified. For the comparison of the current stage of COs in these two countries, the secondary data for analysis of cluster strategies, documents, programmes and implementing bodies of public support were analysed, and primary data obtained from managers of COs using structured interviews was gathered, analysed and compared. From December 2015 to August 2016 research in more than 130 COs was carried out and then evaluated. Research findings confirmed that cluster policies are implemented in both examined countries in a different way what is manifested in different results in a number of COs, their structural characteristics and management level. Example of Czechia with strong and long-term public support shows that implementation of cluster-based policy plays an important role in evolving the cluster concept in the country, while evidence from Slovakia with weak support for cluster initiatives and COs’ establishment and development confirms, that inadequate governance and financial framework for the COs-related support in Slovakia did not bring a comparable level of COs development measured by structural characteristics and management quality as is in Czechia. © 2017, Academy of Economic Studies from Bucharest. All rights reserved. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Management and Economics
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1007686
utb.identifier.obdid 43877412
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85038117535
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-15T16:31:39Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-15T16:31:39Z
dc.rights Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.rights.access openAccess
utb.contributor.internalauthor Pavelková, Drahomíra
utb.contributor.internalauthor Sopoligová, Martina
utb.contributor.internalauthor Bednář, Pavel
utb.fulltext.affiliation Drahomíra PAVELKOVÁ1, Martina SOPOLIGOVÁ2, Pavel BEDNÁŘ3 1 Professor; Tomas Bata University in Zlín; Zlín; Czech Republic; pavelkova@fame.utb.cz 2 Postgraduate Student; Tomas Bata University in Zlín; Zlín; Czech Republic; martina.sopoligova@gmail.com 3 Senior Lecturer; Tomas Bata University in Zlín; Zlín; Czech Republic; bednar@fame.utb.cz
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utb.fulltext.sponsorship The authors are thankful to the Internal Grant Agency of Faculty of Management and Economy, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, No. IGA/FaME/2015/0036 “The impact of the concept of cluster policy on the establishment and the viability of cluster companies”, for the financial support to this study
utb.scopus.affiliation Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín, Czech Republic
utb.fulltext.projects IGA/FaME/2015/0036
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