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Antioxidant capacity, scavenging radical activity and selected chemical composition of native apple cultivars from central Europe

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dc.title Antioxidant capacity, scavenging radical activity and selected chemical composition of native apple cultivars from central Europe en
dc.contributor.author Rop, Otakar
dc.contributor.author Juríková, Tünde
dc.contributor.author Sochor, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Mlček, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Kramářová, Daniela
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Food Quality
dc.identifier.issn 0146-9428 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2011-06
utb.relation.volume 34
utb.relation.issue 3
dc.citation.spage 187
dc.citation.epage 194
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Wiley-Blackwell en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1745-4557.2011.00387.x
dc.relation.uri http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1745-4557.2011.00387.x/abstract
dc.subject Antioxidant capacity en
dc.subject Apple cultivars en
dc.subject Apple fruits en
dc.subject Ascorbic acids en
dc.subject Central Europe en
dc.subject Chemical compositions en
dc.subject Dry matters en
dc.subject High efficiency en
dc.subject Human nutrition en
dc.subject Hydroxyl radicals en
dc.subject Phenolics en
dc.subject Potential materials en
dc.subject Radical activity en
dc.subject Reactive oxygen species en
dc.subject Scavenging activities en
dc.subject Scavenging effect en
dc.subject Soluble solid content en
dc.subject Superoxide anions en
dc.subject Superoxide radical en
dc.subject Titrable acidity en
dc.subject Total phenolic content en
dc.subject Fruits en
dc.subject Ketones en
dc.subject Nitric acid en
dc.subject Nitric oxide en
dc.subject Organic acids en
dc.subject Oxygen en
dc.subject Phenols en
dc.subject Cultivation en
dc.description.abstract The main aim of this study was to focus on 10 typical native apple cultivars from Central Europe and to determine the basic characteristics such as dry matter, soluble solid content, titrable acidity, the content of pectins, phenolics, ascorbic acid, antioxidant capacity and the scavenging effect of 10% apple fruit extracts on hydroxyl radical, nitric oxide and superoxide radical in them. In our experiments, it was found out that the highest content of organic acids was shown by the "Jeptiska" cultivar (5.40 g/kg of FM). As far as the content of pectins was concerned, the highest levels were found out in the "Strymka" cultivar (32.60 g/kg FM). In case of total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, ascorbic acid content and scavenging activity of reactive oxygen species (hydroxyl radical, nitric oxide and superoxide anion), high efficiency was determined in the local cultivars, namely, in "Matcino," "Panenske ceske" and "Strymka." PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS The results shown have wide use in the alimentary industry and human nutrition as apples belong to the most widespread core fruit. There exist many apple cultivars that have not been described in detail in literature and this study provides an insight into 10 not very common cultivars in the world; and although in Central Europe these cultivars are cultivated successfully, so far they have not been utilized commercially. However, their genetic uniqueness represents an irreplaceable ecological wealth and for that reason these local cultivars could become a new and outstanding source of nutrients and food. Today, they can also be used as a potential material for further breeding and selection. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Technology
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1002193
utb.identifier.rivid RIV/70883521:28110/11:43865315!RIV12-MSM-28110___
utb.identifier.obdid 43865317
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-79958762399
utb.identifier.wok 000291400900005
utb.identifier.coden JFQUD
utb.source j-wok
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-16T15:06:38Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-16T15:06:38Z
utb.contributor.internalauthor Rop, Otakar
utb.contributor.internalauthor Mlček, Jiří
utb.contributor.internalauthor Kramářová, Daniela
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