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Assessment of nutritional parameters of native apple cultivars as new gene sources

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dc.title Assessment of nutritional parameters of native apple cultivars as new gene sources en
dc.contributor.author Balík, Josef
dc.contributor.author Rop, Otakar
dc.contributor.author Mlček, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Híc, Pavel
dc.contributor.author Horák, Miroslav
dc.contributor.author Řezníček, Vojtěch
dc.relation.ispartof Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis
dc.identifier.issn 1211-8516 OCLC, Ulrich, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2012
utb.relation.volume 60
utb.relation.issue 5
dc.citation.spage 27
dc.citation.epage 38
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně cs
dc.publisher Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry Brno en
dc.identifier.doi 10.11118/actaun201260050027
dc.relation.uri http://acta.mendelu.cz/media/pdf/actaun_2012060050027.pdf
dc.subject Antioxidant capacity en
dc.subject Apples en
dc.subject Local varieties en
dc.subject Minerals en
dc.subject Pectins en
dc.subject Titrable acidity en
dc.description.abstract Although there are tens of diff erent apple varieties in Europe, only some of them were purposefully bred and selected in the past. In spite of the fact that they can have outstanding nutritional and technological properties, the majority of them are of only a local importance. The objective of this study was to show and popularize altogether 35 local apple varieties which are typical of the conditions of Central Europe. However, their genetic uniqueness represents an irreplaceable ecological wealth and for that reason these local varieties could become a new and outstanding source of nutrients and food. Today, they can be used not only for direct consumption and in food industry but also as a potential material for further breeding and selection. It was found out in our experiments that the highest content of total acids was shown by the variety 'Citronové zimní' (6.1 g.kg ; -1 of fresh matter). As far as the content of pectins was concerned, the highest levels were found out in the variety 'Strymka' (3.26% in fresh matter). Of minerals, potassium showed the highest levels in fruit; for example, the variety 'Boikovo' contained 9.70 ppm of this element in dry matter. Peels showed approximately 7 times higher antioxidant capacity than the flesh. For example, peels of the variety 'Bernské růžové' showed antioxidant capacity of as much as 56.65 mmol of trolox per kg of fresh matter. This paper should contribute to efforts focused on saving of genetic variability of apples and their further application both in human nutrition and a further breeding and selection under conditions of pomological and alimentary practice. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Technology
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1003019
utb.identifier.rivid RIV/70883521:28110/12:43868139!RIV13-MSM-28110___
utb.identifier.obdid 43868232
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-84868148461
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-12T19:34:24Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-12T19:34:24Z
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.access openAccess
utb.contributor.internalauthor Rop, Otakar
utb.contributor.internalauthor Mlček, Jiří
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