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Importance of Natura 2000 sites for wintering waterbirds: Low preference, species' distribution changes and carrying capacity of Natura 2000 could fail to protect the species

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dc.title Importance of Natura 2000 sites for wintering waterbirds: Low preference, species' distribution changes and carrying capacity of Natura 2000 could fail to protect the species en
dc.contributor.author Musilová, Zuzana
dc.contributor.author Musil, Petr
dc.contributor.author Zouhar, Jan
dc.contributor.author Adam, Matyáš
dc.contributor.author Bejček, Vladimír
dc.relation.ispartof Biological Conservation
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3207 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2018
utb.relation.volume 228
dc.citation.spage 79
dc.citation.epage 88
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.10.004
dc.relation.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320718305536
dc.subject Conservation policy en
dc.subject Changes in distribution en
dc.subject Protected areas en
dc.subject Volunteer monitoring en
dc.subject Wetlands en
dc.subject Wintering numbers en
dc.description.abstract Evaluating the species use of protected area networks is of considerable worldwide importance, especially as a feedback for policy-makers and the conservation community. Based on the data of an annual, citizen-science monitoring programme of long tradition (2004–2015), we test the hypothesis that the European Natura 2000 network protects high quality habitats preferentially settled by wintering waterbird species in a central European State (the Czech Republic). We analysed species-specific variables (protection status, flyway population trend and numbers, geographical distribution, and foraging guild) explaining the proportions of numbers in Natura 2000 and individual-species changes in numbers inside and outside Natura 2000. The proportions of numbers in individual species were generally low in Natura 2000 sites. The observed pattern revealed the expected higher preference of protected Annex I species for Natura 2000 sites compared to other species and showed foraging guilds having significant differences in Natura 2000 preference, with high preference in herbivores and fish-eaters and low preference in invertebrate-eaters compared to omnivores. Northern species also showed a high preference for Natura 2000. The predicted prevalence of a higher rate of increase, or lower rate of decrease, inside Natura 2000, indicating that Natura 2000 facilitated the species' distribution changes, was not shown; instead, the positive and negative trends inside Natura 2000 were almost equivalent. We concluded that the low preference for Natura 2000, the distribution changes shifting species outside Natura 2000, and limits to the carrying capacity of the protected network sites, could all make an issue in effectively safeguarding the non-breeding populations of waterbirds. The extension of the Natura 2000 network to facilitate their wintering requirements and distribution changes is therefore a high priority. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd en
utb.faculty Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1008249
utb.identifier.obdid 43879215
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85054836173
utb.identifier.wok 000452815200010
utb.identifier.coden BICOB
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-01T09:32:10Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-01T09:32:10Z
dc.description.sponsorship EHP-CZ02-OV-1-024-2015, EEA, European Environment Agency; IOS, Illinois Ornithology Society; IWC, Iowa Water Center, Iowa State University
dc.description.sponsorship EEA grants project entitled "Monitoring of the status of species listed in the EU Nature Directives in Natura 2000 sites" [EHP-CZ02-OV-1-024-2015]
utb.contributor.internalauthor Adam, Matyáš
utb.fulltext.affiliation Zuzana Musilová a,* , Petr Musil a , Jan Zouhar a , Matyáš Adam a,b , Vladimír Bejček a a Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamycka 129, CZ-165 21, Praha, Suchdol, Czechia b Department of Environmental Security, Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Studentské nám. 1532, CZ-686 01 Uherské Hradiště, Czechia * Corresponding author. E-mail address: musilovaz@fzp.czu.cz (Z. Musilová).
utb.fulltext.dates Received 15 April 2018; Received in revised form 11 September 2018; Accepted 2 October 2018
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utb.fulltext.sponsorship We are highly grateful to the hundreds of volunteers and regional coordinators who have been involved in waterbird counts. Moreover, our thanks are due to the Czech Society for Ornithology for help with organizing the IWC in the Czech Republic. Our thanks also go to Aleksi Lehikoinen, Anthony D. Fox, Michael W. Eichholz, Diégo Pavón-Jordán and anonymous reviewers, whose comments greatly improved previous versions of the manuscript. We are also grateful to Steve Ridgill, Michael W. Eichholz and Adéla Šenkýřová for language improvement. This study was supported by the EEA grants project EHP-CZ02-OV-1-024-2015 entitled “Monitoring of the status of species listed in the EU Nature Directives in Natura 2000 sites”.
utb.wos.affiliation [Musilova, Zuzana; Musil, Petr; Zouhar, Jan; Adam, Matyas; Bejcek, Vladimir] Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci, Kamycka 129, CZ-16521 Prague, Suchdol, Czech Republic; [Adam, Matyas] Tomas Bata Univ Zlin, Dept Environm Secur, Fac Logist & Crisis Management, Studentske Nam 1532, CZ-68601 Uherske Hradiste, Czech Republic
utb.scopus.affiliation Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamycka 129, Suchdol, Praha CZ-165 21, Czech Republic; Department of Environmental Security, Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Studentské nám. 1532, Uherské Hradiště, CZ-686 01, Czech Republic
utb.fulltext.projects EHP-CZ02-OV-1-024-2015
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