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Influence of larval outbreaks on the climate reconstruction potential of an Arctic shrub

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dc.title Influence of larval outbreaks on the climate reconstruction potential of an Arctic shrub en
dc.contributor.author Wilmking, Martin
dc.contributor.author Buras, Allan
dc.contributor.author Lehejček, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Lange, Jelena
dc.contributor.author Shetti, Rohan
dc.contributor.author van der Maaten, Ernst
dc.relation.ispartof Dendrochronologia
dc.identifier.issn 1125-7865 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2018
utb.relation.volume 49
dc.citation.spage 36
dc.citation.epage 43
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier GmbH
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.dendro.2018.02.010
dc.relation.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1125786517301649
dc.subject Alnus viridis ssp. crispa en
dc.subject Cell wall thickness en
dc.subject Eurois occulta en
dc.subject Greenland en
dc.subject Herbivory en
dc.subject Insect attack en
dc.subject Plant-climate interaction en
dc.subject Shrub rings en
dc.subject Tundra en
dc.description.abstract Arctic shrubs have a strong potential for climate and environmental reconstructions in the chronically understudied regions of the high northern latitudes. The climate dynamics of these regions are important to understand because of large-scale feedbacks to the global climate system. However, little is known about other factors influencing shrub ring growth, possibly obscuring their climate signal. For example, as of yet we are not able to differentiate between herbivory or climatically induced growth depressions. Here, we use one of the most common Arctic shrubs, Alnus viridis as a test case to address this question. We sampled Alnus in Kobbefjord, Greenland, measured shrub-ring width and cell wall thickness and built site chronologies of each parameter. We analysed climate-growth relationships, tested their stability over time and employed a pointer-year analysis to detect growth depressions. We employed bootstrapped transfer function stability tests (BTFS) to assess the suitability of our shrub chronologies for climate reconstruction. Correlations with climate data showed strong significantly positive and stable correlations between summer temperature and ring-width with the exception of the recent decade. A climate reconstruction model failed stability tests, when the complete period of record was used for calibration and verification. Wood anatomy analysis uncovered the occurrence of unusual cell structure (very thin cell walls) in the exceptionally narrow ring of 2004, a recorded insect outbreak year in other parts of Greenland. When excluding the affected ring and a recovery period, the reconstruction model passed all tests, suggesting that the unusual 2004 ring was not climate driven, but rather the result of an insect attack. When combining anatomical analysis with traditional ring-width measurements, we move a step further in potentially distinguishing small rings caused by insect attacks from small rings formed in climatically challenging years. While this study does not provide unambiguous evidence, it does provide potential useful methodological combinations to enable more robust climate reconstructions in areas where climatic records are extremely sparse. © 2018 Elsevier GmbH en
utb.faculty Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1007787
utb.identifier.obdid 43879220
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-85043355345
utb.identifier.wok 000433995400005
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2018-04-23T15:01:44Z
dc.date.available 2018-04-23T15:01:44Z
dc.description.sponsorship CDFW, California Department of Fish and Wildlife
dc.description.sponsorship INTERACT, under the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme [262693]; DFG [Wi 2680/8-1]; Internal Grant Agency of Czech University of Life Sciences Prague [20154304]
utb.contributor.internalauthor Lehejček, Jiří
utb.fulltext.affiliation Martin Wilmking a, , Allan Buras a,1 , Jiří Lehejček b , Jelena Lange a , Rohan Shetti a , Ernst van der Maaten a,2 a Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, University Greifswald, Soldmannstr. 15, 17487 Greifswald, Germany b Department of Environmental Security, Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. T.G. Masaryka 5555, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic ⁎ Corresponding author. E-mail address: wilmking@uni-greifswald.de (M. Wilmking). 1 Current address: Forest Ecology and Forest Management, Wageningen University and Research, Droevendaalsesteg 3a, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands. 2 Current address: Forest Growth and Woody Biomass Production, TU Dresden, Pienner Str. 8, 01737 Tharandt, Germany.
utb.fulltext.dates Received 1 November 2017; Received in revised form 1 February 2018; Accepted 27 February 2018; Available online 02 March 2018
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utb.fulltext.sponsorship The research received support (logistics and access to the Kobbefjord research station) from INTERACT (grant agreement No. 262693), under the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. We thank station manager Katrine Raundrup for logistical help. JeL was supported by DFG Wi 2680/8-1. JiL was supported by the Internal Grant Agency of Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Project No. 20154304.
utb.scopus.affiliation Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, University Greifswald, Soldmannstr. 15, Greifswald, Germany; Department of Environmental Security, Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. T.G. Masaryka 5555, Zlín, Czech Republic
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