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Gerunds vs. Infinitives in English: Not Meaning but Form

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dc.title Gerunds vs. Infinitives in English: Not Meaning but Form en
dc.contributor.author Emonds, Joseph Embley
dc.relation.ispartof From Theory to Practice 2013: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Anglophone Studies
dc.identifier.issn 1805-9899 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.identifier.isbn 978-80-7454-450-7
dc.date.issued 2015
utb.relation.volume 5
dc.citation.spage 13
dc.citation.epage 38
dc.event.title 5th International Conference on Anglophone Studies
dc.event.location Zlín
utb.event.state-en Czech Republic
utb.event.state-cs Česká republika
dc.event.sdate 2013-09-05
dc.event.edate 2013-09-06
dc.type conferenceObject
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Univerzita Tomáše Bati ve Zlíně (UTB)
dc.publisher Tomas Bata University in Zlín en
dc.relation.uri http://conference.uaa.utb.cz/tp2013/
dc.subject clausal complement en
dc.subject expletive en
dc.subject extraposition en
dc.subject gerund en
dc.subject infinitive en
dc.subject topicalization en
dc.description.abstract English gerunds and infinitives are often treated as nearly equivalent ways of using verb phrases as syntactic subjects and objects, even though this assumption is falsified by the actual grammatical patterns. Gerunds are indeed verb phrases that appear in all positions of freely expandable noun phrases, but infinitives and finite clauses, termed 'verbal clauses' in this study, actually never occur in noun phrase positions. What is shown here is that (i) verbal clauses that appear to be 'objects' of verbs are in clause-final position, rather than in the position of object noun phrases, and that (ii) initial verbal clauses that appear to be 'subjects' are in a pre-subject position where they bind a null expletive subject. The hypothesis in (ii) is tested and confirmed by showing that initial verbal clauses, in contrast to lexical noun phrase and gerunds, never occur in embedded or inverted subject positions. In this way, initial verbal clauses have the same distribution as other well-known 'root' or 'focus' constructions, which in pre-subject position are limited to main clauses. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Humanities
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1006511
utb.identifier.obdid 43874276
utb.identifier.wok 000373408700002
utb.source d-wok
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-26T14:58:42Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-26T14:58:42Z
utb.identifier.utb-sysno 84058
utb.contributor.internalauthor Emonds, Joseph Embley
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