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The middle palaeolithic of the central trans-urals: Present evidence

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dc.title The middle palaeolithic of the central trans-urals: Present evidence en
dc.contributor.author Serikov, Yuriy B.
dc.contributor.author Chlachula, Jiří
dc.relation.ispartof Quaternary International
dc.identifier.issn 1040-6182 Scopus Sources, Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR
dc.date.issued 2014
utb.relation.volume 326-327
dc.citation.spage 261
dc.citation.epage 273
dc.type article
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher PERGAMON Elsevier Science Ltd
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.12.026
dc.relation.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213009580
dc.description.abstract The Urals and the adjacent regions, located at the easternmost limits of Europe and representing a geographic borderline with northern Asia/West Siberia, are of key relevance for comprehension of the culture-historical trajectories and environmental contexts of early peopling to this still marginally explored montage Russian territory. Complex Quaternary transformations of regional natural settings due to climate change controlled timing and dynamics of Palaeolithic occupation in the central mountain zone, foothills and adjoining Fore-Ural and Trans-Ural plains. Following the earliest and still sporadically mapped presence of the pre-Middle Pleistocene humans in the upper Kama Basin, the first marked geoarchaeology evidence is linked to the Middle Palaeolithic inhabitation of the Urals foothills and the mountain inner valleys. The Chusovaya River valley and its tributary valleys, transecting the Central Ural's mountain range NE-SW, were the principal corridor for the following Middle and Upper Palaeolithic migrations into the eastern (Trans-Ural) regions and West Siberia. Except for mountain karst formations, present Middle Palaeolithic habitat indices come from the eastern Ural foothills, the Leba, Neiva and Tara River basins, with occupation and workshop sites nearby natural exposures of rocky outcrops exploited as raw material deposits for lithic industry production. Diagnostic technological attributes of employed Levallois and bifacial stone flaking techniques with corresponding lithic artefact inventories provide some means for the general pre-Upper Palaeolithic age-assessment of the investigated sites. The limited number of the mapped Middle Palaeolithic loci does not allow evaluation of spatio-temporal settlement patterns. The present cultural evidence illustrates successful biological and behavioural adjustments to the Central Urals ecosystems in the framework of Middle/Late Pleistocene cultural development. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. en
utb.faculty Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1003716
utb.identifier.obdid 43871778
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-84897034464
utb.identifier.wok 000334095700019
utb.source j-scopus
dc.date.accessioned 2014-05-07T13:49:23Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-07T13:49:23Z
utb.contributor.internalauthor Chlachula, Jiří
utb.fulltext.affiliation Yuriy B. Serikov a, Jiri Chlachula b,c,* a Department of History, The Nizhniy Tagil’ State Academy, Russian Federation b Laboratory for Palaeoecology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. T.G. Masaryka 5555, 762 01 Zlín, Czech Republic c Institute of Geoecology and Geoinformation, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Dziegelowa 24, 61-680 Poznan, Poland * Corresponding author. Laboratory for Palaeoecology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nám. TGM 5555, 762 01 Zlín, Czech Republic. E-mail address: Altay@seznam.cz (J. Chlachula)
utb.fulltext.dates Available online 28 January 2014
utb.fulltext.sponsorship The Quaternary and geoarchaeology studies in the Central Ural area were supported the National Geographic Society and the Nizhniy Tagil’ State University. The authors thank Prof. Nicolas Rolland (University of Victoria, B.C.) and two anonymous reviewers for comments and review suggestions to this paper.
utb.fulltext.faculty -
utb.fulltext.ou Laboratory for Palaeoecology
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