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Effect of talc filler content on poly(propylene) composite mechanical properties

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dc.title Effect of talc filler content on poly(propylene) composite mechanical properties en
dc.contributor.author Lapčík, Lubomír
dc.contributor.author Jindrová, Pavlína
dc.contributor.author Lapčíková, Barbora
dc.relation.ispartof Engineering against Fracture
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-4020-9401-9
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.citation.spage 73
dc.citation.epage 80
dc.event.title 1st Conference on Engineering Against Fracture
dc.event.location Patras
utb.event.state-en Greece
utb.event.state-cs Řecko
dc.event.sdate 2008-05-28
dc.event.edate 2008-05-30
dc.type conferenceObject
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Springer en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/978-1-4020-9402-6_6
dc.relation.uri http://www.springerlink.com/content/rt7vl6634808u848/
dc.subject Composites en
dc.subject Poly(propylene) en
dc.subject Talc en
dc.subject Mechanical properties en
dc.description.abstract This presentation examines the effect of the micro/nano-sized talc filler on the physico-chemical and mechanical properties of the filled poly(propylene) (SABIC PP 108MF10, SABIC PP 33 MBTU [Saudi Basic Industries Corporation]) composite matrix. A range of mechanical properties were measured (tensile test, bending test, fracture toughness, notched impact strength (at the ambient temperature and -20 degrees C), strain at break, impact strength), as well as micro-hardness testing and thermal stability from 40 degrees C to 600 degrees C measured by thermal analysis DTA and TGA. It was found that increasing filler content lead to a concomitant increase mechanical strength and toughness. The observed increase in tensile strength ranged from 15% to 25% (maximum tensile strength at break was found to be 22MPa). The increase in strength and toughness simultaneously lead to higher brittleness reflected in the decrease of mean impact strength from the initial 18kJ/m(2) (for the virgin PP sample) to 14kJ/m(2), i.e. a 23% decrease. Similar dependency was also obtained for the samples conditioned at -20 degrees C (decrease of 12.5%). It was found, that with increasing degree of filling of the talc-PP composite matrix the thermooxidative stability was increased, the highest magnitude was obtained for the sample 20 wt% (482 degrees C decomposition temperature cf. 392 degrees C for virgin polymer). en
utb.faculty Faculty of Technology
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1001815
utb.identifier.rivid RIV/70883521:28110/09:63508060!RIV10-MSM-28110___
utb.identifier.obdid 43859519
utb.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-77955516714
utb.identifier.wok 000266147400006
utb.source d-wok
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-09T07:34:01Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-09T07:34:01Z
utb.contributor.internalauthor Lapčík, Lubomír
utb.contributor.internalauthor Jindrová, Pavlína
utb.contributor.internalauthor Lapčíková, Barbora
utb.fulltext.affiliation Lubomir Lapcik Jr., Pavlina Jindrova, and Barbora Lapcikova, L. Lapcik Jr. (), P. Jindrova, and B. Lapcikova Institute of Physics and Materials Engineering, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Nad Straněmi 4511, CZ-760 05 Zlín, Czech Republic e-mail: lapcik@ft.utb.cz, pavlina.jindrova@seznam.cz, lapcikova@ft.utb.cz
utb.fulltext.dates -
utb.fulltext.references 1. Mazumdar SK. Composites Manufacturing. Materials, Product, and Process Engineering. Boca Raton, FL/London/New York/Washington, DC: CRC Press, 2002. 2. Lapcik L, Jr, Raab M. Materials Engineering II. Text Book, 2nd Edition. Zlin: Tomas Bata University, 2004. 3. Lapcikova B, Lapcik L, Jr, Smolka P, Dlabaja R, Hui D. Application of Radio Frequency Glow Discharge Plasma for Enhancing Adhesion Bonds in Polymer/Polymer Joints. J Appl Polym Sci 2006; 102: 1827–1833. 4. Rothon RN, Hancock M. Particulate Filled Polymer Composites, 2nd Edition, Ed., R.N. Rothon. Shrewsbury, UK: Rapra Technology, 2003. 5. Feynman R. There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom. Talk at the California Institute of Technology, 29 December 1959. 6. Rayner JH, Brown G. Crystal-Structure of Talc. Clay Clay Miner 1973; 21: 103–114. 7. Douillard JM, Salles F, Henry M, Malandrini H, Clauss F. Surface Energy of Talc and Chlorite: Comparison Between Electronegativity Calculation and Immersion Results. J Colloid Polym Sci 2007; 305: 352–360. 8. Mitsuda T, Taguchi H. Formation of Magnesium-Silicate Hydrate and Its Crystallization to Talc. Cement Concrete Res 1977; 7: 223–230. 9. Alonso M, Gonyales A, Desaja JA, Escalona AM. Quality-Control of Mineral Impurities in Industrial Talcs by Thermogravimetric Analysis. Thermochim Acta 1991; 184: 125–130. 10. Abu Bakar MB, Leong YW, Ariffin A, Ishak ZAM. Mechanical, Flow and Morphological Properties of Talc- and Kaolin-Filled Polypropylene Hybrid Composites. J Appl Polym Sci 2007; 104: 434–441. 11. Wang T, Liu D, Keddie JL. An Alternative Approach to the Modification of Talc for the Fabrication of Polypropylene/Talc Composites. J Appl Polym Sci 2007; 106: 386–393. 12. Varga J. Supermolecular Structure of Isotactic polypropylene. J Mater Sci 1992; 27: 2557–2579. 13. Rybnikar F. Transition of Beta to Alpha Phase in Isotactic Polypropylene. J Macromol Sci Phys 1991; B30: 201–223.
utb.fulltext.sponsorship Authors would like to express their gratitude for partial financing of this research by Cadence Innovation, Liberec company (member of Ventura, USA) (Project No.: HS260006020) and to Ministry of Education, Youth and Physical Training of the Czech Republic (Grant VZ MSM7088352101).
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